Here at UX Writer’s Collective we recognize that accessibility and inclusive copy are not topics that can be reduced to a single blog post. As you use this article as a starting point, we encourage you to explore the topics further.
Here are more resources:
“Design for Real Life” by Eric Meyer & Sara Wachter-Boettcher (2016)
“Accessibility for Everyone” by Laura Kalbag (2017)
Invision’s DesignTalk, “Inclusive UX copy: Making words work for everyone” by Ada Powers (2018)
Empathy is the most important tool that we have as writers, designers, teachers, and humans. Inclusive writing allows us to directly connect to our audience without excluding anyone. It’s important that we not only know our audience but understand them on such a deep level that we can anticipate their every need. Empathy empowers us, our users, our product, and the overall user experience.
We all get this. As UX writers, we always try to tune in into people’s feelings and keep their needs in mind.
However, it’s so important that we don’t forget about the needs of all of our users from every background, education level, ability, culture, and identity.
To make our intended impact and build trust with our customers, here are key things that we need to take into account when making our products and the user experience welcoming to everyone that uses it:
Don’t ignore unconscious bias
In our everyday lives and therefore in our professional work, we all hold biases that affect our work whether we like it or not. We all have privileges that affect the way we approach our work and we need to do the inner work to recognize, be aware of our biases, and address them.
98% of our thinking happens in our subconscious mind and that’s where we store our biases, whether we’re aware of them or not. Unconscious bias is the result of the brain working automatically to make decisions without thinking. Since it’s automatic, our brain naturally deflects to what we know.
This doesn’t make you a terrible person—it makes you human. It’s important to recognize these biases and privileges and use this acknowledgment to change our practices to incorporate inclusive writing for all users.
Diversity in writing
As you’re writing to meet the needs of your users, you can’t forget to make sure that your copy is accessible and inclusive to all users. Diversity is important to include in our writing.
Diversity includes differences in experiences and these experiences can shape user’s different perspectives and thoughts. These experiences can be due to multiple factors including but not limited to: race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, ability/disability, and education level.
We need to make sure that we’re writing for users who are not caucasian, male, Americans (the population that most copy is currently written for).
Here are simple ways that we can stray away from writing just for that small population of users:
- Don’t use cultural references. Cultural references automatically exclude everyone who is not a part of the culture that you’re referencing. This is not only alienating, but confusing for users. We want to make sure we’re writing useful copy, not confusing copy.
- Don’t use metaphors or idioms. These can be usually associated with a certain class, ethnicity, or culture.
- Work with and hire a diverse team. This is something that companies as a whole need to do a better job at. We need to make sure that our teams reflect our society so we can write copy that addresses all of our users and society.
Writing for all language levels
We also need to keep in mind users who may not have had access to quality education or those who may not have had access to education through their teens and beyond. The reality of this world is that where you’re born (location-wise and economic class) can determine the quality of education you receive. Because of this, we need to make sure that we:
- Use simple language. Use language from an 8th grade reading level or under. There are some tools out there where you can check your language such as the Hemingway App.
- Use a more conversational voice than a technical one.
- Make sure that you’re using terms that are widely known. If you are using terms that are specific to your platform, you need to make sure you define that term somewhere.
Writing for accessibility
We need to make sure that we’re creating products that are accessible to users who have impaired vision. As UX writers, we can make our products accessible by providing alt-text or accessibility texts.
There are three main ways that we can address accessibility as UX writers:
- On-screen text. This is the standard text that we usually associate with UX writing. It’s important to remember that the text you write on the screen is both for sighted and non-sighted users.
- Screen-reader-only text. This is text specifically for non-sighted users that uses assistive technology in order to help these users navigate a page.
- Alt-text. Alt-text is any kind of alternative text used to describe images or icons for non-sighted users. Alt-text is highly important because it helps provide context to non-sighted users such as the meaning of images and where linked images go.
We can’t forget about screen-reader-only text or alt-text when we’re writing copy for products. Wherever an image or icon appears in your product, you should have alt-text available to those who can’t see that graphic.
Along with adding alt-text, another practice that you should implement is being explicitly clear about your buttons and call to actions. Instead of just writing “Cancel” on a button, make sure you describe what you’re cancelling. “Cancel subscription” helps users understand exactly what will happen if they press that button. It helps ease worry as well as empowers them to take actions that they want to take.
Writing for transgender users
As we continue to focus on inclusive writing, we need to make sure that we are writing copy based on everyone’s user experience. It’s important to keep in mind transgender individuals who will be using and reading our products. In the world of UX writing, there are easy changes we can make that will go a long way:
- When making forms, ask for pronouns instead of gender. Also, make sure that you don’t limit a user’s choice here. Even make sure there’s a place for users to put in a custom answer.
- Include a singular “they” in your style guide instead of “he/she” or “s/he”.
- In general, try to use gender-neutral pronouns.
Don’t stop learning
We must remind ourselves throughout our practice why we write to begin with: to create an empathetic experience for all users. Practicing incorporating inclusive writing takes dedicated, conscious effort to make sure we aren’t leaving anyone out, and that work begins with ourselves. After all, there is no inclusive way to give words to problematic thoughts.
We need to continue to push and move our field forward to always do the best we can for each and every one of our users no matter who they are, where they come from, and what their abilities are.
Kaitlyn Lucklow is a UX writer at Cvent. You can connect with them on LinkedIn.
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